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For Her Good Estate: The Life Of Elizabeth De Burgh (The New Middle Ages)
Sepulchral monuments, Medieval—France. Seals Numismatics —France. Queens in art. Pe 1 D, fol.
Pe 1 a, fol. Pe 11c, fol. Pe IIc, fol. On a visit in to one of the handful of surviving twelfth-century churches in Paris, Saint-Pierre at Montmartre, I came upon the fragmen- tary tomb slab of Queen Adelaide of Maurienne, the wife of Louis VI. The visit to Montmartre coin- cided with another discovery, that I was pregnant with my second child, my only daughter.
2. Windsor Castle, Berkshire
My interest in tombs commissioned by royal women in twelfth- and thirteenth-century France eventually led me to consider that they had also created visual identity through personal seals, which they were the first royal women in France to employ. Built in by Robert de Crevecoeur as another Norman demonstration of their strength, Leeds Castle is situated in the middle of a lake on two islands. King Edward I took control of the castle in and as it was a favoured residence, invested further in developing it.
The building escaped being destroyed in the English Civil War because Sir Cheney Culpeper — its owner — decided to side with the Parliamentarians. Leeds Castle remained in private ownership until its most recent custodian died in and left it to a charitable trust to open it to the public.
Temple Church in Central London is the physical embodiment of the Knights Templar, a religious order that also trained as warrior monks. This is history that is strong on narrative and bursting with battles and blood-lust. Watch Now.
For Her Good Estate The Life of Elizabeth de Burgh New Middle Ages
Whilst medieval royalty made great use of the building, it was also in use during the last war. Tunnels were built for defence under the building during the Napoleonic Wars of the early s and were more recently used as an air raid shelter during World War Two and as a nuclear shelter for local government during the Cold War. Edinburgh Castle headlines the view of the Scottish capital as it has been built on top of an extinct volcano overlooking the city below.
The original settlement dates from the Iron Age, with the site serving as a royal residence from the reign of David I in the 12th century until the Union of the Crowns in Since , the castle has served various purposes, including spells as both a prison and a garrison. After the Norman Conquest of England, Wales was next on the list.
William the Conqueror turned his attention to Wales. The original was of earth and timber construction, but was rebuilt in stone by Edward I from and included a wall to house the town. During the English Civil War it became a garrison for the royalists but its sturdy construction saw it survive this period well. In Royalist supporter Lord Thanet sold the castle to the government to help pay his Parliamentary fines.
It was then left to become a ruin. The castle was then purchased by John Fuller in and undertook a number of partial renovation projects until it was handed to the National Trust in The building was expanded over the years of Norman power and captured by Simon de Montfort in for a short time.
During the English Civil Wars the castle was occupied by Parliamentarians and used to house prisoners. The Greville clan had a continued program of regeneration and it was sold to the Tussauds Group in to become a key UK tourist attraction. When Henry II came to power and faced an uprising by his son, also called Henry, he garrisoned the building between Maintenance continued and English Heritage now own and operate the castle.
The vantage point provided a fantastic natural opportunity for a fort. During Victorian times the site became a tourist attraction and preservation has been a focus since.
In a new fort was built around the existing development and Charles I was incarcerated in it prior to his execution in The daughter of Queen Victoria, Princess Beatrice, occupied the castle between and before it was passed to English Heritage to administer. Famed for being used today in Harry Potter films, this castle is well strategically placed on the banks of the river Aln where it protects a crossing point.
The first parts of the building were developed in by Yves de Vescy, Baron of Alnwick. After the Battle of Alnwick in , King John ordered the castles demolition, but the orders were not followed through. In , Henry Percy, 1st Baron Percy, bought the modest castle and redeveloped it to make it a very grand statement on the Scotland-England boarder. In the 19th century, the 4th Duke of Northumberland altered and developed the castle and it remains the seat of the current Duke of Northumberland.
The castle became property of Henry II who used it as a northern outpost, which was subject to occasional raids by the Scots. Whilst the War of the Roses was being fought in , it became the first English castle to be overrun by artillery, following a long siege. The Forster family ran the castle for a few hundred years until they were declared bankrupt in the s. After a period of disrepair, during Victorian times the building was renovated by industrialist William Armstrong and it still is owned by the same family today. The Dunstanburgh site was likely to have been occupied from the Iron Age, and the Castle was built between and by Thomas, Earl of Lancaster.
Thomas had many interests, including much greater land ownership in the Midlands and Yorkshire, so the strategic decision to build in this part of Northumberland remains unclear. Some believe it was a status symbol and a safe retreat from his cousin, King Edward II, with whom he had a fractious relationship.
The Wars of the Roses saw the castle change hands a number of times between the Lancastrians and Yorks. The castle fell into disrepair in the s and by the time the Scottish and English crowns were united in there was little need for a border outpost for protection. Dunstaburgh passed on to a number of owners over the following centuries and fell into heavy disrepair leaving the ruin we see today that is surrounded by a golf course.
Warkworth became the home to the all-powerful Percy family who also occupied Alnwick Castle in Northumberland. The fourth Earl redesigned the castle in the bailey and started to build a collegiate church in the grounds and in , the last Percy Earl died resulting in ownership being passed on.
The castle somehow eventually weaved its way back into the Percy clan after it was taken over by Hugh Smithson who married a Percy heiress, resulting in them changing their name to Percy and founding the Dukes of Northumberland. The 8th Duke of Northumberland passed on custody of the Castle to the office of works in and English Heritage has managed it since A castle was built at Bolsover by the Peveril family in the 12th century and they also owned nearby Peveril Castle.
Later King John gifted the two castles to William de Ferrers in in order to garner his support during a nationwide rebellion, but the castellan blocked the move. Eventually the Ferrers forcibly took the castle in , but it was returned to the crown six years later. The castle was bought by Sir George Talbot in but later sold in to Sir Charles Cavendish, who invested in rebuilding it.